Ambiguity of Innovation Typology in Innovation Measurement - Towards a Unified Typology of Innovation
Innovations are seen as an opportunity to sustain and accelerate the development of not only companies but also economies of countries. In the literature related to the design of innovation measurement systems, it is recommended to include the typology of innovation. Hence, in the literature, a number of different typologies of innovation can be found, which were created over the last few decades on the basis of data from different sectors of the economy. Not being developed, they often stand in contradiction to each other. This raises the problem of discrepancies, in terms of their definition, as well as possible socio-economic effects of particular types of innovation. Which typology of innovation should be used in the design of the innovation measurement system and why? It is well known that the innovation process consists of two major and fundamentally different phases: ex ante and ex post phases, with commercialisation as the only demarcation line between them. This, in turn, raises the question: How do the typologies of innovation, presented in the literature, refer to this distinction? So far, no attempt has been made to address the problem of unifying the typologies of innovation. The objective of this paper is to attempt this challenge. Using the complexity theory approach, the final conclusion of this paper is proposition of one and consistent typology of innovation design. The presented research results are the next step in developing a coherent and complex innovation theory.
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